SMUTS, JAN CHRISTIAAN°


SMUTS, JAN CHRISTIAAN°
SMUTS, JAN CHRISTIAAN° (1870–1950), South African statesman, soldier, and philosopher. In the first half of the 20th century Smuts was a dominant figure in South African public life, both in war and peace; he occupied a place in world history for his part in the two great wars and in the creation of the League of Nations and of the United Nations. As a member of Britain's Imperial War Cabinet in World War I and a long-standing supporter of the Zionist cause (he was a personal friend of chaim weizmann ), he helped to formulate the balfour declaration on the Jewish National Home as well as the Palestine Mandate. On many subsequent occasions he manifested his concern for the proper fulfillment of the mandate and used his influence with the British government to defend Jewish rights in Palestine. When the State of Israel was founded in 1948, the South African government, of which Smuts was then prime minister, immediately accorded de facto recognition. Shortly after, Smuts was defeated in a general election by the Nationalists. A settlement established with the help of the South African Zionist Federation, ramat yohanan , was named after Smuts. Smuts was on friendly terms with prominent Jews and showed a deep understanding and love of the Bible. He strongly condemned the Nazi-inspired antisemitic agitation in South Africa in the 1930s. He criticized immigration restrictions on Jews under the Quota Act (1930), though in 1937 the Hertzog government, in which he was deputy prime minister, under political pressures imposed further immigration restrictions under the Aliens Act (see south africa ). In 1945, Smuts was the author of the Preamble of the United Nations Charter. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.G. Millin, General Smuts, 2 (1936), 103–22 and index; J.C. Smuts, Jan Christian Smuts (1952), index; C. Weizmann, Trial and Error (1949), index; L. Stein, Balfour Declaration (1961), 473–82 and index; G. Saron and L. Hotz, The Jews in South AfricaA History (1955), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB; P. Beukes, The Religious Smuts (1994); N. Rose, The Gentile Zionists (1973). (Louis Hotz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Smuts,Jan Christiaan — Smuts (smŭts, smœts), Jan Christiaan. 1870 1950. South African soldier and politician. He was a Boer commander in the South African War (1899 1902) and prime minister of the Union of South Africa (1919 1924 and 1939 1948). * * * …   Universalium

  • Smuts, Jan Christiaan — (1870–1950)    Prime minister of South Africa, a British imperial statesman, and a Boer general during the Boer War of 1899–1902, Jan Smuts went on to become a British field marshal and an advocate of Commonwealth unity. Smuts was the son of a… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Smuts, Jan (Christiaan) — (24 may. 1870, Bovenplaats, cerca de Riebeeck West, Colonia de El Cabo–1 sep. 1950, Irene, cerca de Pretoria, Sudáfrica). Estadista, militar y primer ministro sudafricano (1919–24, 1939–48). De origen afrikáner, estudió leyes en la Universidad de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jan Christiaan Smuts — Jan Smuts Jan Smuts 2e et 4e Premier ministre d Afrique du Sud …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jan Christiaan Smuts — Jan Smuts, 1919 Den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Smuts, Jan — ▪ South African statesman Introduction Christian also spelled  Christiaan   born May 24, 1870, Bovenplaats, near Riebeeck West, Cape Colony [now in South Africa] died Sept. 11, 1950, Irene, near Pretoria, S.Af.  South African statesman, soldier,… …   Universalium

  • Smuts, Prime Minister Jan Christiaan — 1870–1950    A South African soldier of the old school, Smuts had been a member of the British War Cabinet during World War I and had been present at the signing of the Peace Treaty at Versailles in 1919. In the decade before the outbreak of… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Jan Smuts — Jan Smuts, 1919 Denkmal für Jan Christiaan Smuts in London Jan Christiaan Smuts (* 24. Mai 1870 in Malmesbury …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jan — m. Adaptación del nombre «khan», defendida como la más conforme a la pronunciación de esta palabra en su lengua original. ⇒ Can, kan, Khan. * * * jan. m. Cuba. Vara de madera dura, rematada en una punta de hierro, que se emplea para ahoyar en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Smuts — [smuts] Jan Christiaan [yän′ kris′tē ȧn] 1870 1950; South African general: prime minister (1919 24; 1939 48) …   English World dictionary


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